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                                                                            М.И. Беляев ©

How to make a lesson plan in English

  1. Stages of work on the lesson plan
  2. 8 lifehacks for planning your dream lesson:

In my last year at the university, I started working as an English tutor (I studied at the NGLU after Dobrolyubov, specializing in theory and methods of teaching foreign languages ​​and cultures). But my lessons did not seem to me as successful as they could be, and I did not have a clear answer as to why this is happening.

After graduation, I began working in a language school, where I began to devote much more time to the methodology and for the first time thought about the importance of planning. Then I realized that the secret ingredient required for a successful lesson is lesson plan.

Now I can definitely answer the question, why plan a lesson:

  • The lesson acquires integrity. This kind of journey from point A to point B. Without a plan, you will be thrown from side to side, as if you are on a ship on the high seas during a storm, and students will wonder "What was that?"
  • Control over the lesson. You know where to start, how to move from one activity to another, what possible questions students may have, what to do if you finish earlier, etc.

Before planning a lesson, it makes sense to develop a template , a template that is visually convenient for you ( such a pattern I use), which will include all the elements of the lesson you need.

Include the following elements in the template header:

  1. date
  2. Duration of the lesson
  3. Student Name / Group Number + Level
  4. Lesson topic
  5. The purpose of the lesson
  6. Materials to be used (textbook, additional materials, question cards, photos, etc.)

In the main part, specify:

  • Introduction
  • Main part
  • Conclusion
  • homework
  • Comments

This form will help you when planning a lesson not to forget anything.

Stages of work on the lesson plan


The first step is to define the goal of the lesson. The goal is always the answer to the question “With what new knowledge will my students leave the lesson?” So the lesson gets meaning, and all its elements are tied to one goal.


Having defined the goal, you can proceed to the introductory part of the lesson - warm up. It serves to talk students, to arouse interest in them, to intrigue and smoothly lead to the topic of the lesson.

As a speech warm-up, choose conversational exercises in which students need to share their opinions, explain something, describe, tell, etc.

What is important to remember:

  • The optimal warm up time is 5-10 minutes
  • Diversity - each lesson should be a different workout, so try not to start all the lessons all the same from the ordinary “How are you?”

Main part

The key component of the lesson, which is aimed at the presentation and testing of new material.

Filling the main part should be directly related to the purpose of the lesson - then each task acquires meaning. Remember, the main thing here is not the number of tasks, but their quality. Despite the diversity of materials, books, textbooks and activities, it is important to dose tasks and squeeze the most out of what you give to your students.

The second thing to remember is the variety of tasks. Regardless of who you work with, children or adults, it is important to make the lesson as diverse as possible in order to maintain the level of interest and involvement of students.

Alternate filling gaps with cards, assignment in pairs with assignments in groups, move students, give them the opportunity to write on the blackboard for you, create a dynamic and stimulating atmosphere for learning.


At the end of the lesson take 5-10 minutes. Do not plan anything new, do not introduce a new grammar or vocabulary. At this point, the students (no matter how interesting the lesson) are already tired.

This is an ideal time to play a little bit, take stock of the lesson, give homework and answer the final questions that students have.

8 lifehacks for planning your dream lesson:

# 1. Indicate the approximate amount of time it will take to complete each task.

# 2 . Think over and write down in the plan how you will present to students the rules for completing assignments. The explanation should be clear, concise and clear.

3. Write down what questions / difficulties students may have . Think of how they could be solved.

# 4. Think and write down how you will move from one task to another. The transition should be smooth and logical.

# 5. In front of each task, indicate the source - the page and exercise number in the textbook; if we are talking about additional materials, specify the ordinal number of the task, for example, activity 1)

6. Always keep a plan at hand .

7. Prepare an additional task in case the lesson ends earlier.

# 8. After class, review your plan and note which tasks worked and which did not. Think about how you can avoid such problems in the future.

Planning a lesson is necessary and very important! At the beginning of a teacher’s career, lesson planning can take a lot of time, and the plans themselves are very detailed. There is nothing bad in it, on the contrary - if you are just starting, write everything down! Over time, lesson planning as well as its content will be given much faster.

And finally, another (not) useful life hack =)

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Without a plan, you will be thrown from side to side, as if you are on a ship on the high seas during a storm, and students will wonder "What was that?
    © Беляев М.И., "МИЛОГИЯ"
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